Smithsburg to Sharpsburg
Including MD 77, MD 17 & MD 34
Branching west off of the main byway, looming just beyond the town of Smithsburg is South Mountain, the site of brutal, close-contact fighting prior to the Battle of Antietam. Bring along your hiking boots, because you’ll also be coming up on one of the premier hiking opportunities in the United States: The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, which stretches from Maine to Georgia. Maryland’s 40-mile portion travels along the spine of South Mountain, weaving together several state parks and a Civil War battlefield.
Entering Sharpsburg, you link up with the Antietam Campaign byway. This Civil War Trail features the national battlefield park that, in 1862, was the site of the bloodiest single-day battle ever to take place on American soil. Today, monuments along the beautiful landscape mark several key points, such as Bloody Lane and Burnside Bridge. The inns of the area offer quiet, comfortable lodging and outfitters offer options for traveling down Antietam Creek.
Frederick to Point of Rocks
Including US 15, US 40, US 340 & MD 355
Driving east to get back on the primary route, you soon see the clustered spires rising above downtown Frederick, which has played a part in every major chapter of American history. Guided walking tours (and candlelight ghost tours) take visitors past impressive 18th- and 19th-century architecture, as well as several sites linked to celebrated “locals” such as Star-Spangled Banner writer Francis Scott Key. Specialty shops, art galleries, antiques stores and restaurants are abundant, along with parks, a minor-league baseball stadium and a wine trail that incorporates both city and country wineries.
Civil War history is a topic of interest at local museums such as the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and is also explored on the outskirts of town at the Monocacy National Battlefield, famous for Robert E. Lee’s “Lost Orders” and the role they played in the Battle of Antietam, as well as for the 1864 “Battle that Saved Washington.”
Below Frederick, Burkittsville is another beautiful example of an American town from the late 18th and early 19th centuries. This byway then enters Virginia at Point of Rocks, which achieved national recognition in 1830 when the B&O Railroad and C&O Canal fought over the right-of-way between Catoctin Mountain and the Potomac River. The railroad finally tunneled through the mountain in 1867, but you can pick up the C&O Canal Scenic Byway here at its midway point.