Antietam was the site of the single bloodiest day of fighting on American soil.

Civil War Sites to Visit

By Gregory Alexander

Go deeper into America's Civil War history when you visit these Maryland sites at the "Crossroads of the Civil War."

Antietam was the site of the single bloodiest day of fighting on American soil.

As part of the Union, but rife with Southern sympathizers, Maryland was a microcosm of a nation torn apart by war. Discover our unique Civil War history, and explore the battlefields that made Maryland “The Crossroads of the Civil War.”

Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam was the site of the single bloodiest day of fighting on American soil.

Site of the single bloodiest day of battle in American history, it was early battlefield photography from Antietam that first brought the realities of war back to American homes. The Union victory at Antietam gave President Lincoln the stimulus he needed to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. Begin your visit at the historic Newcomer House at Antietam National Battlefield, site of the Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area Exhibit and Visitor Center, for helpful historical information and tips for planning your trip. Make one of your stops the National Museum of Civil War Medicine in Frederick, with its fascinating focus on Civil War medical innovation.

Dr. Samuel A. Mudd House and Museum
Dr. Samuel Mudd House

John Wilkes Booth stopped here on his flight from justice after assassinating The Great Emancipator, and Dr. Mudd treated the villain, setting his broken leg. History continues to debate Dr. Mudd’s role in the plot to kill Lincoln: some say he was part of the conspiracy, others claim he was an innocent caught up in Booth’s folly. Visit the museum and decide for yourself. Many of the costumed tour leaders are direct descendants of the doctor still fighting to clear the once proud name, Mudd. 

Surratt House Museum
Surratt House Museum in Clinton, Maryland

Home of John Wilkes Booth’s co-conspirators Mary Surratt and her son John, Booth stopped here to pick up weapons as he fled Washington after killing President Lincoln. Mary was tried and hanged for her role in the plot, but some still believe she was innocent. Tour the museum built in this immaculately preserved 1852 farm house that was the site of one of the most important moments in American history.

Monocacy National Battlefield
Visit this important Civil War battlefield where Washington, D.C. was saved from advancing Confederates.
Visit Frederick

Long considered the northern-most Confederate victory in the war, the Battle of Monocacy is now credited with saving Washington, D.C. Also explore Hagerstown: its strategic location near the Mason-Dixon Line made it an important site for both the Union and Confederacy. 

Baltimore Civil War Museum at President Street Station
Image of Civil War Museum

Site of the Pratt Street Riots where Confederate sympathizers attacked Union troops changing trains, the skirmish was the first bloodshed of the War Between the States. A short water-taxi ride will take you to Fort McHenry which was utilized as a Union prison camp.  Make sure to visit the nearby B&O Railroad Museum with its “The War Came By Train” exhibit, a fascinating look at how rail shaped the Civil War, the world’s first modern war.  

Point Lookout State Park
Point Lookout State Park

More than 50,000 Southern prisoners were held at Point Lookout prison camp, many of whom died due to the harsh conditions, or drowned in futile attempts to escape by swimming the mouth of the Potomac River to Virginia. A daring 1864 raid by Confederate General Bradley T. Johnson attempted to reach Point Lookout to free and arm the prisoners. This was also the site of the Union’s Hammond Hospital. Point Lookout is now considered by many to be one of the most haunted places in America.

National Museum of Civil War Medicine
National Museum of Civil War Medicine
Visit Frederick

This fascinating museum in Frederick offers a unique glimpse into the world of Civil War medicine. The war marked a turning point in medicine as modern science began to revolutionize the field. From there, walk to the nearby Barbara Fritchie House. Legend has it that Fritchie refused to lower her American flag as the rebel army passed by, inspiring the famous poet John Greenlief Whittier to write, “Shoot if you must, this old gray head, but spare your country’s flag, she said.”